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NewsHub New plant discovered in Japan relies on fungus for all its needs – A new species of plant has been discovered in Japan on the subtropical island of Kuroshima. It was given the name Gastrodia kuroshimensis. Two things make this plant very special. It is non-photosynthetic and it produces flowers that to not bloom. Kobe – A new species of plant has been discovered in Japan on the subtropical island of Kuroshima. It was given the name Gastrodia kuroshimensis. Two things make this plant very special. It is non-photosynthetic and it produces flowers that to not bloom. Suetsugu named the new plant species Gastrodia kuroshimensis and published his research in the journal The new plant species, named Gastrodia kuroshimensis, is totally mycoheterotrophi, meaning it does not get its nutrients from photosynthesis or by converting sunlight into food as many other plants do. This unusual plant species is Gastrodia is a genus of Armillaria mellea Honey fungus in a French wood near Rambouillet on 31st October 2004. But it is when yet another fungus (Mycena osmundicola), invades the seed of the Gastrodia in the soil that an orchid tuber is produced. The strange thing about this plant is that there can be a whole field of Gastrodia plants, but only a few might have orchids. This is because the plant itself must have been adequately infiltrated by enough Armellaria to make this happen. “Cleistogamous flowers are considered a bet-hedging strategy since they require less resources than chasmogamous flowers and because they can provide reproductive assurance by setting seeds in the absence of pollinators and under disadvantageous environmental conditions.” Suetsugu wrote, reports Chasmogamous (a) and cleistogamous (b) flowers of Viola pubescens. Arrows point to structure. Just so you know, Kenji Suetsugu, project associate professor from Kobe University’s Graduate School of Science discovered the plant on the island located off the southern coast of Kyushu in Kagoshima prefecture, according to Science Daily, Suetsugu named the new plant species Gastrodia kuroshimensis and published his research in the journal Phytotaxa on October 14, 2016. This unusual plant species is mycoheterotrophic. In other words, it doesn’t require photosynthesis for food and instead relies on its host fungi. The plant is also cleistogamous , which means it produces closed self-pollinating flowers. Gastrodia is a genus of achlorophyllous orchi d with 62 known species, including G. kuroshimensis. The plants are found in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, central Africa, and various islands of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The Gastrodia are very unusual plants in that they depend entirely on a soil fungus, Armillaria mellea, for nutrition. But it is when yet another fungus (Mycena osmundicola), invades the seed of the Gastrodia in the soil that an orchid tuber is produced. The strange thing about this plant is that there can be a whole field of Gastrodia plants, but only a few might have orchids. This is because the plant itself must have been adequately infiltrated by enough Armellaria to make this happen.“Cleistogamous flowers are considered a bet-hedging strategy since they require less resources than chasmogamous flowers and because they can provide reproductive assurance by setting seeds in the absence of pollinators and under disadvantageous environmental conditions.” Suetsugu wrote, reports 14U News Just so you know, “chasmogamous” stems from the Greek meaning “open marriage”, named after the open arrangement of floral structures. This means the flower, after opening up requires pollination from an outside source.
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